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Sumatriptan is a custom pharmacy drug classified in the family of drugs known as selective serotonin receptor agonists. Sumatriptan is used to treat symptoms of severe migraine headaches such as throbbing, sensitivity to sound and light, pain, and nausea. Sumatriptan narrows blood vessels inside the head and effectively blocks certain signals from being sent to the brain, which may, in some patients, relieve or allay symptoms.


Sumatriptan may be delivered in various forms such as a tablet, nasal spray, nasal powder, transdermal patch, and an injectable solution. Consult with your compounding pharmacist if you have further questions about forms of delivery. Sumatriptan is a powerful drug and administration should be handled carefully. If you are prescribed sumatriptan, take only one dose for your migraine. If you feel you need a second dose, consult with your doctor. Do not take a second dose without your doctor's expressed approval. There are a maximum number of doses per 24-hour period; only your doctor can assess your medical condition properly and decide what your number of doses should be. Do not take this drug in any form unless you are under the care of a doctor who is monitoring your treatment. Initial doses of sumatriptan are often given in a doctor's office or healthcare facility setting to allow for close monitoring of a patient's reaction.


Side effects may differ in patients depending on their current state of health, body chemistry, age, etc. Always see your doctor if you experience a side effect that lingers or worsens. Common side effects seen with sumatriptan are:

  • Flushing
  • Tingling Feeling
  • Upset Stomach
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Muscle Cramps
  • Feeling Warm
  • Feeling Cold
  • Weakness
  • Dizziness
  • Drowsiness
  • Tiredness

Severe Side Effects Overview:

Some patients taking this drug may experience some severe or potentially severe side effects. If you experience anything severe, or anything that feels severe, and you're unsure how to respond, see your doctor right away or get emergency medical treatment. A list of some of the known severe side effects is provided below.

  • Slow Speech
  • Difficult Speech
  • Faintness
  • Change in Vision
  • Seizures
  • Cold Sweat
  • Shortness of Breath
  • Weakness or Numbness in Arm and/or Leg
  • Sudden Pain in Stomach
  • Severe Stomach Pain
  • Irregular Heartbeat
  • Pounding Heartbeat
  • Difficulty Breathing
  • Difficulty Swallowing
  • Accelerated Heartbeat
  • Bloody Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Severe Stomach Pain
  • Sudden Stomach Pain
  • Sudden Weight Loss
  • Paleness
  • Blue Color (fingers and toes)
  • Hives
  • Rash
  • Swelling, Itching, Redness, (eyes, face, lips, throat)
  • Pain, Pressure, and Tightness in the Chest, Throat, Neck, and/or Jaw
  • Heaviness in the Chest, Throat, Neck, and/or Jaw


All patients, especially anyone with a history of pulmonary or heart problems, must first consult with their doctor to decide if sumatriptan will be safe for their use.

Sumatriptan is contraindicated for all of the following conditions and/or situations, etc.:

  • Cerebrovascular or Peripheral Vascular Syndromes
  • Other Significant Cardiovascular Diseases and Conditions Ischemic Cardiac

Sumatriptan is not advised for pregnancy and breastfeeding unless the patient has consulted with their doctor regarding the risks of using sumatriptan, and he or she deemed its use to be absolutely necessary.

Sumatriptan is possibly contraindicated for many other conditions, situations, etc. Talk to your doctor and get more information on all contraindications.

  • "It is rare to find health professionals who are so willing to educate the patient on what they need to know."

    Clair C. | West Hollywood, CA