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Diseases & Conditions

Psoriasis: Dry, Red Skin

Psoriasis occurs when new skin cells accumulate too quickly on the skin’s surface. These cells cause dry, red patches and silvery scales to form on the skin and can be itchy and painful.

Types of Psoriasis

The most common form of psoriasis is plaque psoriasis, which can cover the skin in raised, red, scaly lesions. In some instances, the condition is limited to the nails or scalp. Guttate psoriasis is primarily seen in children and young adults following a bacterial infection such as strep throat. Another form of the condition, called psoriatic arthritis, attacks the joints similar to other types of arthritis.

Symptoms

Psoriasis symptoms can vary in severity depending on the individual but typically include red skin shielded by silvery scales, dry skin that may crack and bleed easily, skin that is itchy and sore, thickened or pitted nails, and joint swelling and stiffness. In most cases, psoriasis is a chronic disease characterized by episodic flares and remissions. Psoriasis may be limited to small spots or cover large sections of the body.

Causes

Psoriasis is believed to be to be the result of a problem with the immune system. White blood cells, known as T cells, that normally protect the body from harmful foreign substances start to attack healthy skin cells. This causes blood vessels to dilate and white blood cells to enter the outer layer of skin around the plaques. This is similar to what the body does when it tries to heal a wound or infection. The body produces new skin cells quicker than the old cells slough away, so they build up in thick patches on the skin’s surface.

Psoriasis Triggers

Environmental factors may play some role in triggering the immune response that causes psoriasis. Infections, skin injuries, stress, smoking, cold weather, excessive alcohol consumption, and certain medications can trigger a psoriasis flare in susceptible individuals.

There is no cure for psoriasis, but treatment can slow the production of new skin cells. We offer a variety of commercial and compounded medications that can help you manage your psoriasis symptoms.

Medications to Treat Psoriasis

Over-the-Counter Medications:

  • Deltasone
  • Elecon
  • Neoral
  • Temovate
  • Trexall
  • Aclovate
  • Cordran
  • Cortizone
  • Elidel
  • Topicort

Compounded Medications:

We can make creams, gels, lotions or ointments of the following:

  • Dexamethasone
  • Mometasone
  • Clobetasol
  • Methotrexate
  • Hydrocortisone
  • Cyclosporin
  • Triamcinolone
  • Fluocinonide
  • "It is rare to find health professionals who are so willing to educate the patient on what they need to know."

    Clair C. | West Hollywood, CA