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Diseases & Conditions

Otitis & Types of Ear Infections

Acute otitis media and otitis media with effusion are types of middle ear infections.

Acute otitis media is an ear infection that often develops quickly. Symptoms typically include redness and swelling behind the eardrum. Fluid can become trapped behind the eardrum resulting in ear pain, fever, and temporary hearing loss.

Otitis media with effusion is a form of otitis media that typically occurs after the acute infection has resolved. It is caused by the continued buildup of fluid and mucus behind the eardrum. The ear may feel “full,” and the individual may experience difficulties with hearing and balance.

Otitis Media Symptoms

The most common symptoms of ear infections include:

  • ear pain,
  • irritability and tugging at the ears,
  • loss of balance,
  • discharge from the ears,
  • diminished hearing,
  • difficulty sleeping, and
  • fever.

Causes of Ear Infections

Most ear infections occur when the Eustachian tube connecting the middle ear to the pharynx becomes blocked. This allows fluid to collect behind the eardrum, which provides a warm, moist breeding ground for bacteria. Ear infections typically develop following another type of respiratory infection, such as a cold, allergies, a sinus infection, or the flu. Young children are the most susceptible to ear infections. This is due to the fact that their Eustachian tubes are shorter and more horizontal than adults, which makes them more prone to blockage.

Diagnosing Ear Infections

A doctor will examine the ear with an otoscope to look for signs of redness, swelling, air bubbles, or fluid behind the eardrum.

Treating Infections

Most ear infections are easily treated with antibiotics, ear drops, and home comfort measures. Children suffering from recurrent ear infections may require surgery to implant tubes into the ear that allow fluid to drain from behind the eardrum. Untreated or recurrent ear infections can lead to complications, including speech delays in children.

We offer a full line of generic and brand name medications designed to get you and your family on the road to recovery. We also offer medications for the treatment of ear infections in pets.

Medications to Treat Otitis

Chronic Recurrent Otitis in Children & Adults:
Over-the-Counter Medications:

  • Ciprodex
  • Tobradex
  • Cetraxal
  • Tobrex
  • Fortaz

Compounded Medications:
We can make solutions of the following:

  • CSF powder (Chloramphenicol sulfanilamide)
  • ciprofloxacin
  • tobramycin
  • dexamethasone
  • Ceftazidime
  • Piperacillin


For pets, we offer the following medications:

  • Enrofloxacin
  • Betamethasone valerate
  • Gentamicin sulfate
  • Clotrimazole
  • Thiabendazole
  • Dexamethasone
  • Neomycin sulfate
  • Nystatin
  • Triamcinolone acetonide
  • Mometasone
  • Tetracaine
  • "It is rare to find health professionals who are so willing to educate the patient on what they need to know."

    Clair C. | West Hollywood, CA