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Gonorrhea—What is It, How to Avoid It, and What to Do if You Get it!

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection/disease (STD) caused by the Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacterium. It is commonly seen in teens and young people in their early to mid-twenties. The infection is spread easily through oral, vaginal, and anal sex via semen, pre-cum, as well as vaginal fluids. Gonorrhea can infect men and women. In women, it can affect the vagina and mucous membranes of their reproductive tract, which includes the uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes, and the urethra. In men, it affects the penis, specifically the urethra. The bacterium can also cause infection of the delicate membranes of the throat, mouth, eyes, and rectum. Gonorrhea may live within a host body and cause no symptoms whatsoever and this is why testing is especially important. Gonorrhea is, in most cases, easily cured with antibiotics but untreated gonorrhea can, in some individuals, develop into more dangerous and significant health problems. Testing is key, so if you're sexually active, schedule a series of STD tests to get the confidence that you're clear, and if you're not, then your doctor can start you on a treatment plan right away. As is the case with all conditions and diseases, early treatment is always the best option.

How to Avoid It

Obviously, the best way to avoid any sexually transmitted disease is to abstain from all sexual activity. If this is not a choice you are willing to make and you decide to become sexually active, always use a condom and demand that your partner use one as well. Condoms help to reduce the risk of all sexually transmitted diseases and should always be worn during sex.

You Have Gonorrhea, What Now?

Fortunately, in most cases, gonorrhea is typically easy to fix. Gonorrhea is usually cured with antibiotics. Two drugs are generally used to treat gonorrhea—intramuscular ceftriaxone, and oral azithromycin. The medications stop the infection, but do not repair existing damage. If you are taking your prescribed gonorrhea medications and your symptoms persist, see your doctor right away as you could be experiencing some antimicrobial resistance that your doctor may need to address.

Compounded Medications for Gonorrhea

Compounding pharmacists can craft your gonorrhea medication into a form of delivery that works best for you, in the optimum dosage that your doctor requires. Compounded medications can be prepared without dyes or other unnecessary and potentially harmful ingredients. Additionally, compounded medications are often much easier on the body's systems and easier to take than chain pharmacy drugs. Ask your doctor about the many options with compounded medications.

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    Clair C. | West Hollywood, CA