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Diseases & Conditions

Prevent Causes of Diabetic Neuropathy Which Damage the Nerves

Diabetic neuropathy results from high blood sugar which damages the nerves, particularly in the feet and legs. Diabetic neuropathy can be a result of diabetes or pre-diabetes.

Though it occurs most prevalent as pain in the feet and legs, the effects can spread to the digestive system, urinary tract and heart.

Causes of Diabetic Neuropathy

High blood sugar damages the nerves so they cannot transmit the signals necessary to provide the capillaries with the oxygen and other nutrients needed to function properly. The weakened capillaries are what cause the pain and pressure of neuropathy.

Risk Factors

You may be at risk for diabetic neuropathy if you are diabetic or pre-diabetic. You are especially at risk if you are not controlling your blood sugar, you have been diabetic for a significant amount of time, you smoke, you are overweight, or have had kidney problems.

Types of Neuropathy and Symptoms

There are four types of diabetic neuropathy all with unique symptoms.

Peripheral neuropathy is the most common type of neuropathy with the symptoms consisting of numbness and tingling, muscle weakness, loss of reflexes, joint pain, foot ulcers and infections.

Autonomic neuropathy affects the digestive system and is characterized by nausea, stomach bloating and trouble swallowing. Autonomic neuropathy also weakens the reproductive system and urinary tract. Patients may experience more urinary tract infections and sexual disorders such as vaginal dryness or erectile dysfunction.

Radiculoplexus is a condition which affects the thighs, hips, buttocks, and legs. The muscles in the lower extremities are weakened and sudden sharp and severe pains are also common. Weight loss is also a typical symptom of radiculoplexus.

Mononeuropathy, as the name indicates, is nerve damage to one particular part of the body. Mononeuropathy may strike the face, torso, legs, or feet. An example of mononeuropathy in the face is paralysis on one side of the face or Bell's palsy. Carpel tunnel may also be related to mononeuropathy. Though carpel tunnel is associated with repetitive stress, it is also a result of nerve damage.

If you are diabetic or pre-diabetic and experience symptoms of neuropathy, we offer the following medications for treatment of said symptoms.

Medications to Treat Diabetic Neuropathy

Over-the-Counter Medications:

  • Cymbalta
  • Lyrica
  • Neurontin
  • Nucynta

Compounded Medications: We can make gels, creams, lotions, ointments, capsules or oral suspensions of the following:

  • Ketamine
  • Gabapentin
  • Clonidine
  • Amitriptyline
  • Ketoprofen
  • Baclofen
  • Nifedipine
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    Clair C. | West Hollywood, CA