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Dexamethasone is a corticosteroid akin to the naturally occurring hormones produced by the body's adrenal glands. An insufficient level of this chemical in the body could be problematic and potentially lead to medical problems so dexamethasone is sometimes prescribed as a replacement when a patient's adrenal glands are underperforming. Dexamethasone may be prescribed as part of the treatment plan for many conditions and diseases such as cancer; blood, skin, kidney, thyroid, eye, and intestinal disorders; arthritis, asthma, and allergies that are severe.

How to Use Dexamethasone

Dexamethasone comes in tablet or solution form and is taken orally as prescribed by your doctor. Consult with your compounding pharmacist and doctor if you have questions while taking dexamethasone.

Possible Side Effects

Side effects may occur when taking this drug. A partial list of some common side effects seen with dexamethasone is below:

  • Vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Increased Hair Growth
  • Headache
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Acne
  • Restlessness
  • Insomnia

Other side effects are possible. Seek medical assistance if you feel it is warranted due to any side effects you are experiencing or if any side effects are becoming more obvious, worsening, and/or lingering (not going away) or if you feel they are concerning to you.

Severe Side Effects

If you experience any severe side effects, get medical attention immediately. A partial list of some of the more common severe side effects is listed below, but note that this is only a partial list. Always seek medical assistance immediately if any side effects are of a concern to you.

  • Vision Problems
  • Swollen Face
  • Swollen Legs or Ankles
  • Cold Or Infection that Persists
  • Skin Rash
  • Muscle Weakness
  • Black and/or Tarry Stools


The list of medical issues, conditions, and diseases of which the use of dexamethasone may be contraindicated is long. Anyone considering use of this drug should first consult with their doctor and have a full medical review.

Pregnant or breastfeeding women, or women planning to become pregnant or breastfeed, should not use this drug unless cleared by their doctor to do so.

  • "It is rare to find health professionals who are so willing to educate the patient on what they need to know."

    Clair C. | West Hollywood, CA