Aphthous ulcers, commonly referred to as canker sores, are soft tissue lesions on the base of the gums or mouth. These sores typically cause people pain and difficulty while talking and eating. Autoimmune disorders, acidic food, hormones, mouth injuries, spicy food and vitamin deficiencies can contribute to the onset of canker sores. Our pharmacy stocks medications to treat minor sores, major sores and herpetiform sores.
The majority of canker sores are yellow or white and surrounded by a red border. These oval or round sores can appear under the tongue, on the soft palate, at the gums' base, inside the lips and cheeks and other places in the mouth. Many canker sore sufferers feel burning or tingling one to two days prior to a sore outbreak.
The most common kind of aphthous ulcer is the minor canker sore, which is small and oval. This sore presents itself with red edges. The less common type of canker sore is classified as major. Unlike minor sores, major canker sores are large and deep. These painful sores usually have clean borders; however, the edges of significantly large sores can have irregular edges. Healing time for a major canker sore may take as much as six weeks, and there is a risk of noticeable scarring.
Another type of canker sores that typically occurs in the later stages of life is called a herpetiform canker sore. Although the name suggests otherwise, the herpes virus does not cause herpetiform canker sores. These pinpoint-sized sores with irregular edges appear in clusters of up to 100 sores; however, in some patients, herpetiform clusters grow larger until they fuse into one ulcer.
There is no single cause of aphthous ulcers. This skin condition can be attributed to injuries from dental work, rough tooth brushing, biting the cheek or physical activity. Reactions to bacteria such as Helicobacter pylori, or H. pylori, and chemicals like the sodium lauryl sulfate that is found in many mouthwashes and toothpastes may also trigger canker sores. For some people, emotional stress and hormone fluctuations, are to blame for a sore outbreak.
We offer the following medications to help assist patients in the treatment of their canker sores, whether minor or major.
We can make ointments, creams, gels, capsules or oral suspensions of the following:
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