Symptoms & Treatment of Toxic Mold Exposure
Published on December 28th, 2017
Mold spores are present virtually everywhere and are a common source of allergy symptoms. Certain strains of mold, however, can produce toxic vapors that can trigger a chronic inflammatory response in the body, especially in an indoor environment.
Types of Mold Toxins
There are four primary mold-related toxins that can cause illness in humans:
- Trichothecene is a toxin produced by multiple types of fungi, including so-called black mold. It can also occur naturally in livestock feeds and other foodstuffs.
- Gliotoxin is produced by several strains of mold that are most prevalent in marine environments.
- Aflatoxins are produced by certain molds commonly found in the soil, grains, hay, and decaying vegetation. It can also be found in improperly stored foods, such as corn, rice, seeds, nuts, and chili peppers.
- Ochratoxins are produced by certain molds found in red wine, coffee, cereals, and dried fruits.
Symptoms of Toxic Mold Exposure
Depending on the extent of the exposure, the symptoms of toxic mold exposure can vary from minor to debilitating.
Exposure to toxic mold can produce allergy-like symptoms, including:
- itchy eyes,
- sinus problems,
- shortness of breath,
- upper respiratory symptoms, and
Neurological symptoms may include:
- decreased balance and coordination,
- decreased visual field,
- peripheral neuropathy,
- vertigo, and
- light sensitivity.
Mold exposure can also affect gastrointestinal and urinary function resulting in increased urination, diarrhea, and abdominal pain.
Over the long term, the autoimmune reaction triggered by toxic mold exposure can cause cognitive and behavioral changes, including:
- short-term memory loss,
- impaired judgment,
- rapid mood swings, and
- decreased concentration.
Treating Toxic Mold Syndrome
In addition to having the mold removed from the home by a professional mold remediation service, individuals exposed to potentially toxic mold should immediately consult their primary care physician if they start to experience any unusual symptoms to determine the most appropriate course of treatment.
Fusion Rx Compounding Pharmacy also provides medications for treatment of symptoms from toxic mold exposure.