Published on January 21st, 2016
Psoriasis is a common dermatitis that alters the life cycle of skin cells, leading to the rapid formation of silvery scales and itchy, dry, red patches on the surface of the skin. While there is no cure for this persistent skin condition, various ingredients can be combined to fit the unique need of a patient, prevent skin cells from building up too fast and generally alleviate symptoms. Salicylic acid, coal tar, alpha-hydoxy acid, retinoids and steroids are used in combination to alleviate psoriasis symptoms.
Coal Tar as a psoriasis treatment
Coal tar, which is a thick, black liquid that is obtained by distillation of bituminous coal, is one of the oldest treatments for psoriasis. The topical compound is usually combined with steroids to inhibit the growth and development of extra cells, reducing itching, scaling and inflammation. This topical compound should be prepared in concentrations of 0.5-5 percent.
Patients with psoriasis should apply coal tar to the affected area, and wait for approximately two hours before rinsing it off with clean water. Coal tar has a nasty smell and stains clothing and bedding.
Salicylic Acid, Urea And Alpha-hydroxy Acids
Salicylic acid is prepared in concentrations of up to 20 percent and is often used in combination with urea, which hydrates the skin, steroids and other medications. Alpha-hydoxy acid has properties that prevent extra thick skin cells from sticking together and help shed off the skin’s top layer. Salicylic acid can cause toxicity and burning if used on a large area. When used in high concentrations or for extended periods, these medications can cause skin irritation, itching and other side effects.
Topical Retinoids And Corticosteroids
Topical retinoids are vitamin A derivatives that are usually used with steroids to normalize the growth and differentiation of cells at the DNA level. Side effects of topical retinoids include skin rash and dryness. Psoriasis patients should apply sunscreen while using the medication.
Pregnant and nursing mothers should consult their doctors before using tazarotene. Topical corticosteroids aid in reducing inflammation and itching. The body can develop tolerance against corticosteroids if the medications are used for prolonged periods.
As of 2016, there is no cure for psoriasis: however, compounding pharmacies use special tools to manufacture topical compounds that help alleviate psoriasis symptoms. Besides using the treatments, patients should avoid psoriasis triggers, such as smoking, alcohol, intense sun exposure, stress and injuries.
Skin exposure to controlled amount of light can help improve symptoms. Fusion RX is the only compounding pharmacy in Los Angeles that is accredited by Pharmacy Compounding Accreditation Board and delivers medications to at least 41 states throughout the United States of America. Call us today on (888) 792-6676 for consultation and prescription.