An allergic disease, commonly known as an allergy, is a phenomenon by which a patient experiences an intense immune system reaction to foreign substances that are ordinarily benign. Common allergens are pollen, animal dander and food, but there are many others to be aware of.
When someone is exposed to an allergen to which they are susceptible, they experience an allergic reaction. The types of allergic reactions are almost as varied as their causes.
Airborne allergens will provoke a respiratory response where the lungs and sinuses, most notably the nose and eyes, become irritated and red. These areas will increase their production of mucus and the patient will have trouble breathing normally.
Food allergies generally affect the digestive system. There may be bloating, vomiting, or diarrhea, along with pain in the abdomen. The skin can also be affected, hives or dry skin being common.
Some allergens, including insect bites, produce a particular reaction known as anaphylaxis, which is a complex reaction that occurs throughout the body. This is the most serious of the allergic reactions, for it can be fatal in many patients.
Diagnosis is done mainly in two different ways. First, there are methods where the patient is exposed to minute amounts of a suspected allergen to provoke a mild reaction. The allergen may be inserted into the skin in the skin prick test, or applied directly on top of the skin in the patch test.
In some situations, a physician may want to avoid exposing the patient to the allergen. An alternative is blood testing, in which a blood sample is analyzed by a laboratory for antibodies that imply an allergy.
There are various medications that allergy patients can use to reduce their reactions to a manageable level. Some can be bought over the counter, and others must be obtained via prescription.
Antihistamines are useful for hives, rashes, and other skin reactions. Decongestants serve to reduce the production of mucus in cases where the respiratory system is affected. For life-threatening allergies such as insect bites or peanut allergies, epinephrine is vital to preventing anaphylaxis from occurring.
At Fusion Rx, we offer our patients and doctors the following over-the-counter and compounded medications.
We offer compounded medications in the form of suspensions, solutions, capsules, creams and sprays of the following:
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